Through the Swedish principle of public access, the public and the media are entitled to insight into public activities, i.e. government authorities, municipalities and county councils. As a government authority, Finansinspektionen is subject to the principle of public access.
This principle applies to the categorisation "official documents".
Provisions regarding official documents can be found in the Freedom of the Press Act, which is part of Sweden's constitution.
The Freedom of the Press Act specifies that a document is categorised as "official" if it is stored at an authority or been received or prepared by the authority. A decision made by Finansinspektionen is normally an official document. An application for a job at Finansinspektionen is also an example of an official document.
Notes and drafts (internal working documents) and back-up copies are not categorised as "official documents".
The right to access official documents can be limited by confidentiality restrictions. In these cases, the limitation is often related to information where it is assumed that an individual (a person or a firm) would suffer negative consequences if the information were to become known. For Finansinspektionen, for example, firms under supervision and their customers constitute confidential information.
If some of the information in a document is considered confidential, the information is blacked out before the document is released. The Public Access to Information and Secrecy Act (2009:400) contains provisions regarding confidentiality.
If you would like to gain access to an official document at Finansinspektionen, you need to contact FI's registrar. As a rule, you are entitled to be anonymous. An authority may only ask for your name or the objective of the request if this information is necessary to be able to assess whether there are any hindrances to releasing the document.
After a person has a requested access to an official document, the authority in question must assess without undue delay if it is possible to release the document. In such an assessment, the authority determines if the document in question is an official document and if it contains information that is considered confidential.
If Finansinspektionen decides that the document cannot be released, the person who submitted the requirement must receive a denial decision that contains an explanation for the decision and information about how the decision can be appealed.
Appeals must be made in writing and addressed to the Administrative Court of Appeal in Stockholm. While the appeal is addressed to the Administrative Court of Appeal, it is submitted to Finansinspektionen within three weeks from the date the decision was received.